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|Главная страница Направления деятельности Международное сотрудничество Московская антинаркотическая министерская конференция - 2014 G8 experts discussed the issues of police cooperation in the fight against drugs|
First experts meeting on the topic of Reducing the Drug Supply Through Police Cooperation was held in Moscow on February 25th. The event precedes a ministerial meeting of the heads of the G8 drug control agencies in 2014 under the Russia’s Presidency.
The meeting was attended by the representatives of competent agencies of G8 countries, states concerned and international organizations, such as the UN, SCO, CSTO, BRICS and others. Participants discussed measures to reduce and eliminate drug production in two largest drug production centers in the world - heroin in Afghanistan and cocaine in Latin America.
Chair of the meeting, the Head of the Russian Federal Drug Control Service Victor Ivanov, said that today the production of heroin and cocaine in these regions has gained a truly industrial scale and becomes a factor of political destabilization in both hemispheres.
Victor Ivanov analyzed the drug situation in Afghanistan that still produces more than 80 percent of the world's heroin. Dynamic of drug production in this country over the last decade has been only negative. According to the UNODC, in the past five years fields sown with opium poppy in Afghanistan have increased from 193 thousand hectares in 2007 to 209,000 hectares in 2013. And during the deployment of the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) there, they have increased by 26 times.
This data indicates a complete failure of the international strategy against the Afghan drug threat. The key decisions on the drug problem, adopted by the UN General Assembly at its 20th Special Session in 1998, have not been implemented.
“Success in the fight could not be reached not because the wrong path had been chosen, but due to the fact that actions were not consistent enough. Understanding the reasons for this situation, we should not follow those who urge to throw up the game. On the contrary it is necessary to intensify efforts, relying on positive experience and new approaches. And the role of the "Group of Eight" in this process is truly decisive," – Ivanov said.
Director of Russian Federal Drug Control Service reminded that the main priorities of international police cooperation were officially presented by Russia at NATO headquarters in 2010. The elimination of drug production centers in Afghanistan and Latin America; recognition of scaled-up industrial drug as a threat to international peace and security; elaboration of alternative path of development for these regions; decriminalization of the youth environment by reducing the demand for drugs through rehabilitation and resocialization; planning and conducting international strategic counter-narcotics operations are all among them.
During the discussion, meeting attendees put an emphasis on the fact that the transnational drug trafficking and drug crimes remain one of the most crucial problems of our time that threads all sections of society and has a tendency to further strengthening. Drug trafficking and drug crimes destroy states’ economic and political opportunities, nation's health, human personality and they also endanger national security, law and order. The fight against drugs has become an integral part of the global agenda for resolving security and sustainable development issues.
The experts confirmed that the G8 format allows not only to inform the world community about global challenges and to define the key threats to peace and security, but also to consolidate their efforts to eliminate them.
Within the framework of the meeting two roundtable discussions were held on the topics of “Strengthening (in the context of so-called "Factor 2014" associated with the 2014 withdrawal date for ISAF troops out of Afghanistan) international police cooperation in the fight against Afghan drug trafficking and opiates” and “Consolidation of the competent authorities efforts to establish an effective barrier against traffic routes for South American cocaine, Afghan heroin, synthetic drugs and new psychoactive substances”.
The participants noted that the formation of the global drug threat occurs mainly through the exploitation of two largest drug production centers: South American in the Western hemisphere and Afghan in Eastern hemisphere. They have created and maintain transnational drug trafficking, distorting economic and political processes towards the growth of crime and violence.
Besides police measures, an alternative development of Afghanistan is crucial in eliminating this production center. Alternative development implicates social and economic growth through industrialization, transport infrastructure development, trade facilitation, modern technologies household penetration and rise in educational level.
Participants of the expert meeting pointed out the necessity for identifying and blocking illicit financial flows as a key focus area in the fight against drug trafficking.
Also among troubling questions is the recent series of statements and initiatives to legalize the possession and consumption of a number of drugs for non-medical and non-scientific purposes. This situation poses risk to the international drug control system, functioning within the framework of the conventional mechanism.
At the conclusion of the meeting experts deemed appropriate to continue their work on making recommendations for further discussion within the frame of the annual ministerial meeting on combating illegal drug trafficking which this year under the Russia’s G8 Presidency will be hold in Moscow on May 15th.
The Russian Federal Drug Control Service plans to hold three thematic expert meetings this year on the topics of Reducing the Drug Supply Through Police Cooperation (February 25), An Alternative Path of Development for Drug-Producing Regions (March 25) and Decriminalization of the Youth Environment by Reducing the Demand for Drugs Through Rehabilitation and Resocialization of Drug Addicts (April 24). Following these meetings, the experts plan to devise a set of recommendations on fighting against drugs which is expected to be adopted at the ministerial meeting in Moscow on May 15th in the presence of the heads of law enforcement agencies from over 100 countries, as well as the heads of international organizations, such as the UN, SCO, CSTO, BRICS and others.
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